Quantcast
         
 
 

     

   

             

     TX Organic Research Center

 

 

CURRENT MOON
 
Artichoke, Globe
 



Botanical Name:  Cynara Scolymus

Family: Compositae

Type:   Perennial thistle with edible fleshy bracts. Grown as an annual in the northern two-thirds of the state.

Location:    Full sun, but can take some afternoon shade in the hotter parts of the state

Planting Dates:  Spring after all danger of freeze is gone

Planting Method: Divisions or seed. Start plants indoors in the winter and set out when all danger of frost is gone.

Harvest Time:    Cut the buds when they are small, fist-sized, and still tight. Stems should be soft several inches below the bud.

Height: 3-4 feet

Spread: 2-3 feet

Final Spacing:   2 ˝-3 feet

Growth Habits:   Grows easily in warm to hot weather. It can stand only a few degrees below freezing. Shoots die to the ground and rot after one year’s growth. It grows back from off shoots.

Culture:     In cold climate (most of Texas), the root can be dug, stored inside, and kept cool and dry. Brush away the soil and store in burlap bags. Suckers and roots can be potted and held over winter indoors. Protect from cold weather after they are planted in the garden. Prepare the soil with rock minerals and lots of manure compost. Spray regularly with fish emulsion or Garrett Juice. Excellent drainage is needed, but artichoke need plenty of moisture. After the last harvest, cut the stems off at or below the soil surface.

Troubles & Solutions: Possible pests include snails, slugs, caterpillars, and several diseases. Control insects with trichogramma wasps, beneficial nematodes and citrus oil sprays if necessary.

Harvest and Storage:  Cut buds when the size of a small fist by cutting 2 inches below the bottom of the bud. Eat while fresh.

Notes:  Artichokes can be a helpful source of nectar for beneficial insects and can be used as an ornamental background plant.


Previous Question | Back | Next Question
 
 
Printable Version | Back to Top

 
EcoSafe
 
Green Sense Products
 
ARBICO
 

H A N N A H ' S    M A R K E T P L A C E

Send this website to a friend Make this website your home page