Cynodon dactylon – SIN-no-don DAC-ti-lon
Mowing Ht.: 1 ½” – 4”
Habit: Warm season grass that needs sun. Has narrow leaf blades, spreads by stolons and rhizomes, and is brown in winter. Still the most popular grass of all because it's relatively easy to maintain as a green turf and it's cheap to install. It only grows in full sun and can be a problem because of its aggressiveness in growing into planting beds while spreading by stolons and rhizomes. It looks fine growing mixed with St. Augustine. Tex Turf 10 is a low selection of common bermudagrass. The step down to finer textured Bermudas is 419, then 328, and dwarf tiffs that are used on golf courses. Common Bermudagrass is less susceptible to diseases and insects than the dwarf hybrids or St. Augustine, and freeze is rarely a problem.
Culture: Low-maintenance, aggressive grass. Grows in any soil. Does much better with ample water and food but is quite drought tolerant. Does not develop thatch.
Uses: Lawn grass, playing fields.
Problems: Some insects and diseases but none serious. Poor shade tolerance, grubs.
Notes: Numerous seeded varieties with little difference. Texturf 10 is a low growing selection of common bermudagrass, available in sod only. Mixing with St. Augustine and some weeds looks OK. Native to warm regions around the world. Grass planting around new shrubs and trees with retard their growth. Texturf-10 is a dark green variety, relatively free of seed stems and a good choice for athletic fields. Number one turfgrass of the south. Goes dormant (brown) during winter months. Suggested seeding rate is 1-2 lbs. per 1,000 square feet. Native to Africa.
Available As: Seed, sod and sprigs.
Seeding Rate: Seed @ 2 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.
BERMUDAGRASS, TIF (TIFGRASS)
Cynodon dactylon cultivars - SIN-no-don DAC-ti-lon
Mowing Ht.: ½” – ¾” to 1”
Habit: Warm season grass for full sun. Hybrid form of common Bermudagrass. Narrower leaf blade and finer overall texture. Tifdwarf is the finest-textured, Tifgreen 328 is slightly larger, and Tifway 419 is the largest and is the best of the hybrids for residential use. Newest very small textured Bermudas are “Champion” and “Tifeagle”. These are becoming popular on golf greens to replace bentgrass.
Culture: Higher maintenance than common Bermudagrass, since weeds and imperfections are much more visible.
Uses: Refined lawns and putting greens. Also golf course tees and fairways. These grasses are sterile (no seeds) and must be planted solid or from stolons. High maintenance home lawns, athletic fields, golf courses.
Problems: Some insects and diseases but none serious. Needs to be mowed at least twice a week. Thatch can be a problem. Grubs.