Winged Elm, Cork Elm, Wahoo Elm, Witch Elm
Winged elm is a medium size tree that grows on neutral to acid soils along river banks, dry bluffs and hillsides, fencerows and abandoned fields in the eastern third of the state. It is smaller than its close relative, American elm, U. americana, but with a finer texture. It flowers in early spring before the leaves are completely out and produces abundant fruits that ripen early, making them an important food source for wildlife. Leaves turn a golden fall color. Winged elm grows rapidly and is easy to transplant but is susceptible to Dutch elm disease and powdery mildew. Its twigs develop two broad corky projections that lend it the name "winged."
Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree
Flower Color: red-brown
Blooming Period: spring winter
Fruit Characteristics: small winged samara
Height: 30 to 70 ft. depending on the site
Width: 25 to 45 ft.
Plant Character: deciduous
Heat Tolerance: very high
Water Requirements: medium low
Soil Requirements: adaptable
USDA Hardiness Zone: 6