HUMMINGBIRDS PASSING THROUGH TEXAS
Late summer into early fall is the peak of migration. About 75% of all the hummingbirds in the eastern half of the US migrate through Texas. Out of 18 total species in the US, there are only two abundant species that nest in the east. They are the ruby throated and the black chinned, with the ruby throated being the most abundant. When I lived in Coppell I had only black chinned all year long. Here in McKinney I have just the ruby throated. They both spend the winter south of the border.
The number of birds migrating south may be twice that of the northward trip, since it includes all immature birds that hatched during the summer, as well as surviving adults. That is why people are seeing so many. It is important to leave the feeders up as long as possible. Many of these birds fly non-stop, 500 miles across the Gulf of Mexico, an 18-22 hour trip. They have to double their fat reserves to make this trip so they need all the help we can give them. - Tony Manasseri.
Photos by Brian Tomes.
Hummingbirds can be an important part of your organic program. One sure way to limit their presence is to spray toxic chemical pesticides. Not only are hummingbirds beautiful, and helpful with pollination, they help with insect control, reducing the need of pesticides.
Hummingbird feeders are helpful in attracting these beautiful little birds in the summer, but clear sugar water is all that is needed if the feeder has red tips on the tubes or other red color to the feeder. To make the sugar solution, add one part of sugar to three or four parts of water. It is important to change the sugar solution often – ever one to two days so the solution does not spoil and cause disease in the birds. Also, plant red-blooming plants such as cypress vine, gregg salvia, coral honeysuckle, Turk’s cap, red columbine and trumpet vine. Especially good are plants that have long and tubular flowers. Other good choices include flame acanthus, pomegranate and red yucca. Hummingbirds also eat flying insects such as mosquitoes and gnats. That’s what they are doing when darting around the garden.
Hummingbirds are attracted to flower colors and nectar, not fragrance. Some cultivated hybrids produce less nectar than their wild counterparts, but they can still help attract hummingbirds.
- Aster - Aster spp.
- Bee balm - Monarda spp.
- Butterfly weed - Ascelpias tuberosa
- Canna - Canna spp.
- Cardinal flower - Lobelia cardinalis
- Catmint – Nepeta spp.
- Columbine - Aquilegia spp.
- Coral bells - Heuchera sanguinea
- Cosmos - Cosmos spp.
- Crocosmia - Crocosmia spp.
- Dahlia - Dahlia spp.
- Delphinium - Delphinium elatum
- False indigo – Baptisia spp.
- Flame acanthus - Acanthus mollis
- Foxglove - Digitalis purpurea (Biennial)
- Fuchsia - Fuschia hybrida
- Geranium - Pelargonium species
- Gladiolus - Gladiolus spp.
- Goldenrod – Solidago spp.
- Hollyhock - Alcea rosea
- Iris - Iris spp.
- Lupine - Lupinus hybrids
- Monkeyflower - Mimulus hybridus
- Penstemon - Penstemon spp.
- Purple coneflower – Echinacea spp.
- Red hot poker - Kniphofia uvaria
- Sage - Salvia officinalis
- Scarlet sage - Salvia splendens
- Speedwell - Veronica hybrids
- Tuberous Begonia - Begonia spp.
- Verbena - Verbena spp.
- Four-o'-clock - Mirabilis jalapa
- Touch-me-not - Impatiens spp.
- Flowering tobacco - Nicotiana alata
- Mountain garland – Clarkia elegans
- Nasturtium - Tropaeolum majus
- Petunia - Petunia hybrida
- Spider flower - Cleome hasslerana
- Zinnia - Zinnia spp.
- Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea spp.
Cypress vine - Ipomoea quamoclit
- Flame vine - Pyrostegia venusta
- Honeysuckle - Lonicera spp.
- Lantana - Lantana spp.
- Rosary vine – Ceropegia woodii
- Trumpet vines – Campsis spp.
Shrubs and trees
- Abelia - Abelia grandiflora
- Azalea - Rhododendron spp.
- Bottlebrush - Callistemon lanceolatus
- Butterfly bush - Buddleia davidii
- Cotoneaster - Cotoneaster spp.
- Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus spp.
- Flowering currant - Ribes odoratum
- Flowering quince - Chaenomeles spp.
- Fuschia tree - Fuschia arborescens
- Hibiscus - Hibiscus spp.
- Lilac - Syringa spp.
- Mimosa - Albizia julibrissin
- Strawberry tree - Arbutus unedo
- Turk’s cap - Malvaviscus arboreus
Weigela - Weigela rosea
- Wild lilac - Ceanothus griseus