TX Organic Research Center



Italian Stone Pine

Pinus pinea

Italian stone pine is a species native of southern Europe, primarily the Iberian Peninsula.

This tree has been overused for its edible pine nuts since prehistoric times. Currently, it is a widespread horticultural tree, in addition to being cultivated for the seeds.

The Stone Pine can exceed 25 m height, though is usually rather less tall, 12-20 m being more normal. It has a very characteristic shape, with a short trunk and very broad, smoothly rounded to nearly flat crown. 

Bark is thick, red-brown and deeply fissured into broad vertical plates. 

Leaves are needle-like, in bundles of two, and are 10-20 cm long (exceptionally up to 30 cm).

One of the pine trees that seems to be able to grow and do well in a variety of soils, even dry allkaline soils.

Mature Italian Stone Pine

Mature Italian Stone Pine







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