TX Organic Research Center



Sugar Ant

common names: Sugar Ant, Pharaoh Ant

scientific name: Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae, Monomorium pharaonis

size: Adult--1/12" to 1/10"

identification: Very small ants, yellowish to golden to red. Most of their bodies are covered with minute pitted impressions.

biology and life cycle: Complete metamorphosis.

habitat: Nests in any secluded spot. Frequent house invader; found in appliances, ductwork, light fixtures, and attics. Likes to be near heat and water source.

feeding habits: Sugar, grease, bread, toothpaste, food crumbs, and anything else that humans eat. They love proteins and sweet foods.

economic importance: Beats us. Bound to be something--there's so many of them. Appear to just be an annoyance, causing no real damage. Difficult household pest to control.

natural control: Remove food and water sources and keep house squeaky clean. Wipe cabinets and counters with mixture of one part water and one part vinegar. Lizards, frogs, toads, birds, and other insects.

organic control: Baking soda, boric acid, and natural diatomaceous earth. No ant will cross a DE barrier in dry-weather conditions. Use boric acid baits and plant oil products.

insight: Careless application of insecticides often make the sugar ant problem worse.

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Dr. Ohhiras 3
Moore Tree Care

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