COMMON NAMES: Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande, Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma De Micharos, Texas Palm
Sabal mexicana (Sabal texana) (SAY-ball mex-ee-CON-ah TEX-ann-ah)
Arecaceae (Palmae) (Palm Family)
HEIGHT: 20 to 50 feet
SPREAD: 5 to 8 feet
FINAL SPACING: 8 to 10 feet
IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION: Texas palm is a small palm tree with large, fan-shaped leaves forming a rounded crown and a single trunk. For 8 to 10 years it grows into a large clump before the trunk starts to appear at the base.
FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flower stalks are 6 to 8 feet long and drooping clusters. Flowers are small, white, or greenish, fragrant and bloom March to April. Fruits are dull black to dark purple, hang down in showy clusters and are sweet and edible. Seed are dark brown and shiny and one edge is often flattened, rounded, 1 Ĺ to ĺ inch, purple and hang down in showy clusters and are sweet and edible. Seed are dark brown and shiny and one edge is often flattened.
BARK: Reddish brown with prominent leaf scars. Leaf bases cling to the trunk forming a distinctive cross hatched appearance. These will often shed as the tree ages.
FOLIAGE: Large dramatic leaves with spineless stems. Leaves up to three feet in diameter, blue-green in color.
CULTURE: Slow growing with an enormous root system which makes it rather hard to transplant after the plant is large. Easy to grow in a wide range of soils as far north as the Dallas/Fort Worth area.
NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Texas palm is native to the southern point of Texas and will adapt to landscape sites as far north as the Dallas/Fort Worth area.
PROBLEMS: Freeze damage in the far northern part of the state.
PROPAGATION: From seed planted immediately after maturity.
INSIGHT: Texas palm is the only tree-sized palm native to Texas. Several Texas palms were planted in 1936 at the State Fairgrounds in Dallas for the Texas Centennial. They survived until the severe winter of Ď83 and Ď84 killed the plants to the ground. They did return. Almost all of the exotic palms were completely killed during this winter.
Q: I have a variety of palms and they took a hard hit with the hard freezes this year. Had the trunks wrapped before the first hard freeze and are still wrapped. When soul they be unwrapped and what about pruning and fertilizer to bring them back?
A: The hardy palms donít have to be wrapped at all. In your case, I would probably remove the wrapping because it really doesnít protect the tropical palms anyway. Now is the time to apply organic fertilizer and any of the locally available choices will be fine. Cut the brown leaves off, they are dead and wonít come back. Hopefully your plants arenít damaged too much. If you have to replant, the choices that didnít even have cosmetic damage include sabal, pindo, needle, Japanese windmill and Mediterranean palms.
PALM, TEXAS Texas Palm
Sabal mexicana (syn. S. texana) (SAY-ball mex-ee-CON-ah)
Evergreen Sun to part shade Height. 20- 50 feet Spread 5- 8 feet Spacing: 8- 10 feet
HABIT: Native to the southern tip of Texas but will adapt to landscape sites as far north as the Dallas/Fort Worth area. Classic palm look with large, fan-shaped leaves forming a rounded crown and a single trunk. For 8-10 years the tree grows into a large clump before the trunk starts to appear at the base. Leaves have curving ribs in the center and a tangle of leaf threads. Leaf stems are smooth (no teeth). White flowers in mid summer followed by olive-size black berry-like fruit. Sabal palmetto or cabbage palm has a smaller crown and pea-size fruit.
CULTURE: Slow growing with a large root system, which makes it rather hard to transplant after the plant is large. Easy to grow in a wide range of soils and fairly drought tolerant. Very salt tolerant.
USES: Evergreen specimen tree.
PROBLEMS: Freeze damage occurs in the far northern part of the state.
NOTES: Texas palm is the only tree-sized palm native to Texas and the best choice to use. Sabal minor is the Texas fan palm or palmetto. It only grows from 4-6 feet and does not form a trunk. Other adapted palms for the area include fan palm, windmill palm, pindo palm, needle palm, sago palm (not a real palm), pigmy date, Washington palm, queen palm and date palm.