Elm, Winged

Winged Elm, <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />Cork Elm, Wahoo Elm, Witch Elm
Ulmus alata <?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />


Winged elm is a medium size tree that grows on neutral to acid soils along river banks, dry bluffs and hillsides, fencerows and abandoned fields in the eastern third of the state. It is smaller than its close relative, American elm, U. americana, but with a finer texture. It flowers in early spring before the leaves are completely out and produces abundant fruits that ripen early, making them an important food source for wildlife. Leaves turn a golden fall color. Winged elm grows rapidly and is easy to transplant but is susceptible to Dutch elm disease and powdery mildew. Its twigs develop two broad corky projections that lend it the name "winged."

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: red-brown

Blooming Period: spring winter

Fruit Characteristics: small winged samara

Height: 30 to 70 ft. depending on the site  

Width: 25 to 45 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 6

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