Copper sulfate is also called Agritox, Basicap, BSC Copper Fungicide, CP Basic Sulfate and Tri-Basic Copper Sulfate. The pentahydrate form is called bluestone, blue vitriol, Salzburg vitriol, Roman vitriol, and blue copperas. Bordeaux Mixture is a combination of hydrated lime and copper sulfate. Copper sulfate is often found in combination with other pesticides.
â€¢ Reproductive effects: Copper sulfate has been shown to cause reproductive effects in test animals. Testicular atrophy increased in birds as they were fed larger amounts of copper sulfate. Sperm production was also interrupted to varying degrees . Reproduction and fertility was affected in pregnant rats given this material on day 3 of pregnancy .
â€¢ Teratogenic effects: There is very limited evidence about the teratogenic effects of copper sulfate. Heart disease occurred in the surviving offspring of pregnant hamsters given intravenous copper salts on day 8 of gestation . These data suggest that copper sulfate is unlikely to be teratogenic in humans at expected exposure levels.
â€¢ Mutagenic effects: Copper sulfate may cause mutagenic effects at high doses. At 400 and 1000 ppm, copper sulfate caused mutations in two types of microorganisms . Such effects are not expected in humans under normal conditions.
â€¢ Carcinogenic effects: Copper sulfate at 10 mg/kg/day caused endocrine tumors in chickens given the material parenterally, that is, outside of the gastrointestinal tract through an intravenous or intramuscular injection . However, the relevance of these results to mammals, including humans, is not known.
â€¢ Organ toxicity: Long-term animal studies indicate that the testes and endocrine glands have been affectedhttp://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/profiles/ex ... e-ext.htmlhttp://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/coppersu.htmhttp://www.hydro-gardens.com/PDF%20File ... ulfate.pdfhttp://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/ ... lfate.htmlhttp://pesticideinfo.org/Summary_Chemic ... Id=PC33539