June Organic Maintenance
JUNE ORGANIC MAINTENANCE
PLANT: All warm-season grasses: Bermuda, zoysia, St. Augustine, and buffalo grasses by solid sod; Bermuda and buffalo grasses and other native grasses by seed. Summer annual color: amaranths, pride of Barbados, begonias, caladiums, coleus, copperleaf, cosmos, Esperanza, gomphrena, lantana, marigold, periwinkle, purslane, portulaca, verbena and zinnia. Summer perennials: cleome, blue daze, (Evolvulus), cockscomb, cosmos, hardy hibiscus, and fan flower (Scaevola) salvias, yellow bells and others.Warm season food crops: amaranth, okra, southern peas, sweet potatoes, malabar spinach, pumpkins and squash. Tropical color: allamandas, bougainvillea, fire bush, firecracker fern, hibiscus, ixora, mandevillas, pentas, etc. Shrubs and trees, especially summer flowering varieties like crape myrtles. Fall tomatoes and other fall vegetable crops.
FERTILIZE: Avoid all synthetic fertilizers, especially nitrogen only products like 24-0-0.
SECOND MAJOR FERTILIZATION OF THE YEAR
All planting areas with organic fertilizer. This should be the second major fertilization of the year. Use about 20 lbs. of fertilizer per 1,000 sq. ft. Add mycorrhizal products. Spray all plantings and lawns with Garrett Juice every 2 weeks or at least once a month.
SICK TREE TREATMENT to any ailing trees and other woody plants.
PRUNE: Long erratic shoots from abelia, elaeagnus, lady banks roses, etc. Remove spent blooms and shear flowering plants by 1/3 that has started to decline. Blackberries to remove fruiting canes after harvest. Prune new canes to 3’ in height to encourage side branching. Dead and damaged wood from trees, shrubs, as needed.
WATER: All planting areas deeply but infrequently during dry periods. Potted plants regularly. Daily watering needed for some plants. Add an ounce per gallon of Garrett Juice at least once a month.
PEST CONTROL: Yellow lower leaves on tomatoes – spray garlic and/or cornmeal juice. Spider mites: Spray Garrett Juice or any seaweed product as needed. Fleas, ticks, chiggers: dust with natural diatomaceous earth in dry weather and release beneficial nematodes anytime. Gray leave spot – reduces fertilizers and spray garlic and/or corn meal juice mixed with Garrett Juice. Bagworms and other caterpillars: Release trichogramma wasps and spray if needed with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). Spinosad and mound drench products containing orange oil can also be used. Garrett Juice plus 2 ounces of orange oil per gallon of spray is also effective. Scale insects, including mealybugs: Spray plant oil products or mound drench products. Black spot on roses, mildew, and other fungi: Spray Garrett Juice, garlic tea or diluted skim milk and drench the soil with garlic tea or apply dry granulated garlic See home page of DirtDoctor.com for the entire Organic Rose Program. Weeds: Hand remove and work on improving soil health. Spot spray vinegar – based products. Lace bugs, elm leaf beetles green June bugs, etc. Spray garlic pepper tea, summer-weight horticultural oil, plant oil products or mound drench products containing orange oil. Spinosad products will also work on this and other insect pests.