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Making Compost - A Good Time to Start Newsletter



Making Compost - A Good Time to Start

Compost can be started anytime of the year because of all the available material - leaves, twigs, dead branches, plants and other debris can be used instead of being sent to landfills.

MAKING COMPOST from the Organic Manual
Compost is a living fertilizer that can be made at home or purchased ready to use. A compost pile can be started at any time of the year. Anything once alive can and should be composted. Good ingredients include leaves, hay, tree trimmings, food scraps, dead animals, bark, sawdust, rice hulls, weeds, spoiled food, nut hulls, animal manure, and anything else that was once alive. Mix the ingredients together in a container of wood, hay bales, hog wire, or concrete blocks or simply pile the material on the ground. Unless space is limited, free standing piles are preferred.
The ideal mixture is 80% vegetative matter and 20% animal waste, although any mix will compost. The ingredients should be basically a mix of coarse and fine-textured material. Avoid having all the pieces of material the same size.
Large particles help aerate the pile and smaller pieces are needed to help hold moisture and protect microbes.
Try to turn the pile at least once a month; oxygen speeds up the process. Keep the pile moist, roughly the moisture of a squeezed-out sponge, to help the living microorganisms thrive and work their magic. If you never turn the pile, it will still compost - it will just be slower.
Compost is ready to use when the ingredients are no longer identifiable. The color will be dark brown, the texture soft and crumbly, and the aroma that of a forest floor. Use compost in all bed preparation and as a high-quality mulch around annuals and perennials.
Compost location:  Anywhere, sun or shade, on soil or on concrete.
Compost ingredients:  Anything that was once alive.
Compost balance:  To encourage a higher percentage of fungal activity compared with bacterial activity, add rock phosphate and keep the pile drier.

One of the simplest and best ways to make compost is to pile shredded tree trimming and wait for nature to do the work.

To discuss this newsletter or any other topic, tune in each Sunday 8am - 11am central time to the Dirt Doctor Radio Show.The call-in phone number is 1-866-444-3478. Listen on the internet or click here to find a station in your area.

Please share this newsletter with everyone in your address book and all your friends on Facebook and Twitter to help me spread the word on organics.

Naturally yours,

Howard Garrett


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