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COMMON NAME:  Mulberry

BOTANICAL NAME:  Morus rubra

FAMILY:  Moraceae

TYPE AND USE:  Deciduous tree with edible fruit

LOCATION:  Full sun to fairly heavy shade

PLANTING DATES:  Spring and fall

PLANTING METHOD: Can be grown from seed or transplants. Seed can be planted outdoors immediately after harvest or in the spring after being stored in the refrigerator in winter. Can also be propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings.

SEED EMERGENCE:  2 to 6 weeks

HARVEST TIME:  Summer when the fruit is ripe

HEIGHT:  30-50 feet

SPREAD:  40-60 feet

FINAL SPACING:  20-30 feet

GROWTH HABITS:  Handsome tree with large glossy leaves and heavy production of delicious blackberry-like fruit. Red is the most common, but a dwarf white variety exists that tastes even better.

CULTURE:  Very easy to grow in almost any soil. Requires moderate water and fertility.

TROUBLES AND SOLUTIONS:  Birds eat the fruit and make a mess on pavement and cars. Plant trees away from the house. Webworms are controlled by the trichogramma wasps released in the early spring.

HARVEST AND STORAGE:  Collect the blackberry-like fruit when it is ripe and eat fresh or freeze for later use. Mulberries are almost black when ripe - unless they are the white variety.

NOTES:  The fruitless mulberry is a worthless big weed and should not be planted.

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