Pansies (Viola x wittrockiana): There are more than 250 cultivars of pansies.
Annual - Sun
HABIT: Low growing winter and spring flowering annual. Yellow, white, blue and bronze.
CULTURE: Well prepared and drained beds, ample water and fertilizer.
USES: Winter and cool season flowers.
PROBLEMS: Extreme freezes, aphids, cutworms.
NOTES: Plant in October or late winter. In mild winter pansies will bloom from fall to spring. Giant flower varieties are available. Native to Europe.
Name origin and significance: The pansy gets its name from the French word pensee meaning "thought". It was named because the flower resembles a human face and in August it nods forward as if deep in thought.
JOHNNY-JUMP-UPS (Viola cornuta, Viola tricolor)
Johnny-jump-up is a smaller species with purple, yellow and white flowers.
QUESTION: Does it help to fertilize pansies during winter? R.S., Fort Worth
ANSWER: Yes. Use a dry organic fertilizers at least once and spray the foliage with compost tea or my Garrett Juice formula. It's also time to make the first major fertilizer application of the year on the entire property.