COMMON NAME: Peach
BOTANICAL NAME: Prunus persica
TYPE AND USE: Deciduous tree with edible flowers and fruit
LOCATION: Full sun
PLANTING DATES: Spring or fall
PLANTING METHODS: Transplants, balled and burlapped, bare-rooted, or container-grown. Can be grown from seed, but the fruit probably won’t be very good.
SEED EMERGENCE: Do not plant from seed
HARVEST TIME: Summer when fruit is ripe
HEIGHT: 15 feet
SPREAD: 15 feet
FINAL SPACING: 25-30 feet
GROWTH HABITS: Small tree with early spring flowers and summer fruit.
CULTURE: The peach tree is one of the hardest-to-grow fruit trees in Texas. Peaches require lots of tender, loving care. The problems can be controlled with organic techniques. Super healthy soil is imperative, mulch on the soil is critical, and foliar feeding is a must. Prune out the two years gray shoots in late winter.
TROUBLES AND SOLUTIONS: Most of the disease problems can be minimized with the basic organic program. Flare-ups can be knocked back with Garrett Juice plus garlic and potassium bicarbonate. Insect pests can be controlled with citrus-based products.
HARVEST AND STORAGE: Harvest the fruit when slightly soft to the touch and ripe. Eat immediately or store in a cool, dry place.
VARIETIES: Denman, Harvester, Redskin, Ranger, Loring, Sentinel, Spring Gold, Magestic, and Bicentennial. Avoid Alberta, June Gold, and Sam Houston. See charts in appendix.