COMMON NAMES: BRADFORD PEAR, ORNAMENTAL PEAR, CALLERY PEAR
BOTANICAL NAME: Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradford’ (PIE-rus cal-er-ee-AH-nah)
FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)
TYPE: Ornamental deciduous tree
HEIGHT: 25-30 feet
SPREAD: 15-20 feet
FINAL SPACING: 10-20 feet
NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: The ornamental pears are native to China but are well adapted to a wide range of soils, provided good drainage and full sun.
IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION: Bradford pear is an upright deciduous tree with white flowers in the spring and red fall color. The crown of the tree is usually quite uniform and symmetrical looking like a big oval lollipop.
FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Spring flowers emerge before the leaves form. White flowers are showy but have a somewhat unpleasant odor. The flowers are perfect having male and female parts in the same flower. The fruit is ornamental only and ripens in late summer through fall, is no larger than coffee beans, ½ inch in diameter. Fall color can range from orange to scarlet red.
Bradford pear fall color.
BARK: Young bark is smooth, is light to medium gray or brown, developing heavier texture and darker color with age. Mature trunks are shallowly furrowed with an irregular bark pattern.
FOLIAGE: Leaves are heart-shaped with rippled edges. Fall color is red and in most years quite spectacular. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2 to 3 inches long, roughly triangular with an irregular sawtooth margin.
CULTURE: Bradford pear is somewhat easy to grow in most soils except for heavy clays that do not drain well. It responds well to fertilizer and moisture, but is easily stressed by excessive
PROBLEMS: Bradford pear and the other ornamental pears are all short lived and subject to root diseases if the soil is not excellently drained and healthy. Even if you use the Basic Organic Program to keep the trees in good shape there are built in problems that make these a tree to avoid. See the recent report on Callery Pear and it's cultivars (Bradford included).
PROPAGATION: The ornamental hybrid pears are propagated by stem cuttings. Seed will not come true to form. Hybrids can be propagated by grafting or budding. Cuttings are not easy to be successful.
INSIGHT: There are several ornamental pears, ‘Bradford’ is the most common, others include ‘Aristocrat’ which is a tree with more open-branching. ‘Capital’ and ‘White House’ are two cultivars that are narrow-growing and have had mixed reviews. I am not a huge fan of any of the ornamental pears unless they are used on a short-term basis for flowers and fall color. In recent years they have been classed as "invasive" in several states and should not be your choice to plant if you need something fast growing. Here are some better choices.
Bradford pear branching & thinning.
The mother plant of these hybrids, Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) which does have thorns, is a stronger plant. This tree’s root system is used as the root stock for many of the commercial fruit trees. Callery pear is more open branching and will live longer. That said, the cultivars from the Callery and the Callery itself are all considered invasive and should no longer be planted in your landscaping.
Question: I bought a new house last September. The builder had planted four Bradford pear trees but did not water them all summer. Leaves and a great deal of bark are falling off of each tree. Is there any hope of saving them? M.A., Denton
Answer: It sounds as if the trees are goners. If you replant, choose something better than Bradford pear. You might consider Mexican plum and bigtooth maple.
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